Employment panic Jiangsu and Zhejiang textile industry unbearable manpower high cost

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China has a 1.3 billion population, there are 0.24 billion migrant workers. In an international financial crisis in 2008, 20 million migrant workers lost their jobs and returned to their hometowns, and then the government offered 4 trillion large-scale stimulus policies. It can be seen that ensuring full employment is the core task of my country to achieve social stability. After a lapse of 4 years, the domestic macro economy is once again facing the risk of decline. As one of the troika driving the economy, exports experienced negative growth for the first time in January 2012. The leading indicator PMI has been below 50 for several consecutive months, indicating that the manufacturing industry is moving towards a downturn. In this context, the Securities Times reporter selected some labor-intensive industries to carry out first-line research.

TextileClothingindustry is a labor-intensive industry, but also highly dependent on foreign trade industry. When a reporter from the Securities Times found out some clothing and textile enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta region, he heard almost all the voices of "high labor costs.

"It is not difficult to recruit workers. The key depends on how much salary you can give." Wang Zhihao, general manager of Xinsheng weaving factory, said on the phone. Xinsheng Weaving is located in Shaoxing, an important textile town in the Yangtze River Delta. The factory has more than 100 workers, which is not too large in scale.cotton spinningEnterprise. When reporters met him in 2010, he was beingCottonAfter last year's adjustment, cotton prices finally went down, but they encountered new problems.

"Workers' wages have to be raised every year, plus social security and various expenses, which will cost 4000 yuan a month. Textile enterprises originally had a meager profit, but in the final calculation, the monthly profit was basically divided by the workers." Wang Zhihao said that in the past, when the cost of cotton rose, it indicated that the market demand was good, at least there were orders to do, and it was normal for workers to work overtime and raise wages. At present, cotton prices do not fluctuate much, industry demand is general, wages, bank interest, taxes are just as much.

After painstakingly operating the textile industry for more than ten years and experiencing several rounds of ups and downs of cotton raw materials, Wang Zhihao has never been so confused. He told reporters frankly, "open the factory to bear the risk of operation, but can not make money, the feeling is to work for others. If it is not to consider with their own so many years of employees, the factory closed forget it. Now private textile enterprises generally face not profit problems, but survival problems."

Hangzhou Hanying EmbroideryClothingYao Qijun, deputy general manager, said that the export order situation of the industry this year is not ideal. On the surface, there is no labor shortage in the past few years. However, behind this, the price of customer orders is getting lower and lower, the wages of workers are constantly increasing, and both ends of the enterprise are squeezed. According to reports, the wages of the company's workers are generally around 3000 yuan, basically including accommodation.

The rigid rise in labor costs has continuously reduced the profit margins of textile enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta, intensified competition and elimination in the industry, and some enterprises that move to the mainland have also been affected.

Zheng Yu, Director of Jade Garment Purchasing Department, said, "This year the companyAnhuiThe recruitment situation of the branch factory is very good. There are more than 1,000 people, and the wages are 2700 yuan and 2800 yuan. It is no different for workers to work in the local area."

G + D clothing factory was originally located inShanghai, the company through the acquisition of trading enterprises in the United States, in the domestic production of export orders. In the last two years, the company has been inJiangsu, Anhui and other places to expand branch plants to meet the needs of labor and domestic demand market development.

"It used to be that workers came to the coast to find jobs, but now it's factories that have to take the initiative to go to areas with surplus labor to find workers. The supply and demand for labor in the textile industry in the Yangtze River Delta is declining." Zheng Yu said that the relocation of many garment factories has led to local employment and wage levels, resulting in further increases in labor costs in coastal areas. For example, compared with the recruitment of Anhui branch factory this year, Jiangsu Qidong branch factory has the situation that although there are many applicants, there are not many people who actually take up their jobs. It is estimated that the workers have made a comparison and their income is too low. However, this year, the overall employment of all factories is balanced and there is no labor shortage.

Xu Gangfeng, research director of China clothing network, said that from an international point of view, more orders flow to Vietnam, ASEAN and other regions with lower labor costs, and the corresponding employment demand will be lost.

In addition, the Yangtze River Delta garment enterprises also face competition from other industries within their jurisdiction. Different from the mentality of the older generation of migrant workers, the post-80s and post-90s groups now prefer to integrate into the city. They are less willing to go to relatively remote and closed clothing factories, and tend to work in urban areas even if their income is lower.

The rising labor cost in the Yangtze River Delta region is also forcing enterprises to transform and upgrade. Jiangsu Shengze Textilechemical fiberIndustryClusters are living cases.

Shen Yingbao, deputy secretary-general of the Oriental Silk Market Association, said that the general trend of rising labor costs is inevitable. In order to survive and develop, enterprises can not only move to low-cost areas, but also increase their profit margins through their own efforts. For example, enterprises in Shengze area take innovation as the leading factor, do a good job in technological transformation, and strive for customers and profits by new varieties and new tricks. Last year, Shengze's fiscal revenue exceeded 4.6 billion, an increase of more than 40%, an increase of a record high, and 90% of it came from the textile industry.

"The so-called labor shortage can be said to be a false proposition. How much wages are paid by key enterprises and how much profit is behind them." Shen Yingbao said. The average salary in Shengze is above 3000 yuan, which is higher than that in the surrounding areas. The recruitment situation of enterprises is relatively stable this year.